A new study shows that rubber ducks used as bath-time toys can be a reservoir of bacteria and fungi. The study showed that the liquid released when ducks were squeezed contained potentially pathogenic bacteria in 12 out of 19 toys studied.
A 2018 study shows how microbial modelling can be used to assess the effectiveness risk of hand and surface hygiene in preventing transmission of norovirus infection from person to person via hands and surfaces. In the UK up to 3 million people suffer a bout of norovirus vomiting and diarrhoea e
Faecal samples from 1365 healthy asymptomatic volunteers from 4 regions in England were screened for the presence of Clostridium difficile between Dec 2013 and July 2014. Carriage rate of C.
A study of 29 washing machines and 24 dishwashers showed that genes encoding for resistance to β-lactamase antibiotics were present in 79% of the washing machines and 96% of dishwashers.
This new study looks at the microbial species which can be found in used kitchen sponges.