It is always surprising how much data there is on efficacy of hand rubs and antibacterial soaps, but how little on efficacy of handwashing with soap (HWWS). In setting up the EN 1499 standard test for efficacy of antibacterial soaps, a ring trial was conducted at 15 centres on the efficacy
A new study is reported which was carried out to determine whether exposure of Salmonella to various biocides could act as a driver of antibiotic resistance. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium was exposed to four biocides with differing modes of action.
This article describes new features of design of public toilets/washroom to improve hygiene standards and sustainability
A new strain of norovirus that causes vomiting and diarrhoea emerged in Asia last winter and appears to be spreading globally, threatening larger outbreaks of gastro infections that are the bane of luxury cruise liners.