In Vitro Study of the Effect of Cationic Biocides on Bacterial Population Dynamics and Susceptibility.
Increased use of biocides has led to concern regarding possible reductions in biocide effectiveness. Domestic drain microcosms were stabilized for 5 months and then exposed to polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) at 0.1, 0.2, and 0.4g liter-1 over 6 months and characterized throughout by differential culture, together with eubacterial-specific PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Additionally, MICs and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) for bacteria previously isolated from a domestic drain (n _ 18) and the human skin (n _ 13) were determined before, during, and after escalating, sublethal exposure (14 passages) to two quaternary ammonium compounds (QAC1 and QAC2), the bisbiguanide chlorhexidine (CHX), and PHMB. In terms of prolonged-sublethal passage on cationic biocides, exposure to all the biocides tested resulted in susceptibility decreases for a proportion of test bacteria, but refractory clones were not generated. Applied And Environmental Microbiology. 2008;74(15):4825–34.
Publication Type: Journal article
Publisher: Applied and Environmental Microbiology