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Routine monitoring of adenovirus and norovirus within the health care environment

This study investigated the presence of adenovirus and norovirus on ward surfaces using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to assist in the development of evidence-based infection control policy. Screening was carried out weekly for 6 months in the common areas of 2 pediatric wards. Additionally, a one-off screening was undertaken for adenovirus and norovirus on a day unit and for adenovirus only in patient cubicles while occupied. Over the 6-month screening of common areas, 2.4% of samples were positive for adenovirus or norovirus. In rooms occupied with adenovirus-infected children, all cubicle screening sites and almost all swabs were contaminated with adenovirus. In the day unit, 13% of samples were positive. Cleaning and environmental interaction strategies must therefore be designed to control nosocomial transmission of viruses outside of outbreak scenarios.
American Journal of Infection Control, 42(11), 1229–1232. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2014.07.028

Author: Pankhurst, L., Cloutman-Green, E., Canales, M., D’Arcy, N., & Hartley, J. C.

Published: 01/11/2014

Publication Type: Journal article