Risk of Infection in the Home Environment. Plea for a New Risk Assessment.
Within the last two decades risks posed by infectious diseases outside of hospitals and nursing homes had no high significance in the public perception. The home environment is regarded as a save shelter from infectious risks. In the mean time there have been dramatic socio-demographic, health policy and technological changes which have increased infectious risks outside medical facilities. In Germany up to 1.4 million people with multiple morbidities are nursed at home. Technological changes with the aim to protect the environment, like reduction of water temperature and water volumes in washing processes has lowered the efficacy to control pathogens. Thus it is time to revise the process of risk assessment in which not only aspects of environmental protection but also those of health protection must be taken into account. The article gives an overview of new risks and epidemiological changes and discusses the necessity of a new risk assessment and risk management approach which hopefully will lead to a changing paradigm. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2008;51(11):1247-57. Review. German.
Publication Type: Journal article