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Maternal and Birth Attendant Hand Washing and Neonatal Mortality in Southern Nepal.

In this study in rural Nepal, 23,662 newborn infants were enrolled in a community-based trial assessing the effect of skin and/or umbilical cord cleansing with chlorhexidine on neonatal mortality through 28 days of life. The study showed that birth attendant hand washing was related to a statistically significant lower mortality rate among neonates (adjusted relative risk [RR]=0.81), as was maternal hand washing (adjusted RR=0.56). There was a 41% lower mortality rate among neonates exposed to both hand-washing practices (adjusted RR=0.59). Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008;162(7):603-608.

Author: Rhee V, Mullany LC, Khatry SK, Katz J, LeClerq SC, Darmstadt GL

Published: 01/01/2008

Publication Type: Journal article

Publisher: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine