International Scientific Forum on Home Hygiene

Home Hygiene & Health

The Leading Source of Scientific, Professional & Consumer Information
International Scientific Forum on Home Hygiene

Home Hygiene & Health

The Leading Source of Scientific, Professional & Consumer Information

How clean is clean? Proposed methods for hospital cleaning assessment.

Although microbiological standards have been proposed for surface hygiene in hospitals, standard methods for environmental sampling have not been discussed. This study assessed the effectiveness of cleaning/disinfection in critical care units Frequent-handtouch surfaces from clinical and non-clinical areas were microbiologically surveyed, targeting both meticillin-susceptible (MSSA) and MRSA. A subset of the surfaces targeted was sampled quantitatively to determine the total aerobic count. MRSA was isolated from 9 (6.9%) and MSSA was isolated from 15 (11.5%) of the 130 samples collected. Seven of 81 (8.6%) samples collected from non-clinical areas grew MRSA, compared with two (4.1%) from 49 samples collected from clinical areas. Of 116 sites screened for the total aerobic count, 9 (7.7%) showed >5 cfu/cm2 microbial growth. Bed frames, telephones and computer keyboards were among the surfaces that yielded a high total viable count. There was no direct correlation between the findings of total aerobic count and MRSA isolation. It is suggested that combining both standards will give a more effective method of assessing the efficacy of cleaning/disinfection strategy. Journal of Hospital Infection. 2008;70:328-34.