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Determinants of Use of Household-level Water Chlorination Products in Rural Kenya, 2003-2005.

Household-level water treatment products provide safe drinking water to at-risk populations, but relatively few people use them regularly; little is known about factors that influence uptake of this proven health intervention. We assessed uptake of these water treatments in Nyanza Province, Kenya, November 2003-February 2005. We interviewed users and non-user controls of a new household water treatment product regarding drinking water and socioeconomic factors. We calculated regional use-prevalence of these products based on 10 randomly selected villages in the Asembo region of Nyanza Province, Kenya. Thirty-eight percent of respondents reported ever using household-level treatment products. Initial use of a household-level product was associated with having turbid water as a source (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 16.6, p = 0.007), but consistent usage was more common for a less costly and more accessible product that did not address turbidity. A combination of social marketing, retail marketing, and donor subsidies may be necessary to extend the health benefits of household-level water treatment to populations most at risk. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2010;7(10):3842-52. Epub 2010 Oct 25.

Author: Dubois AE, Crump JA, Keswick BH, Slutsker L, Quick RE, Vulule JM, Luby SP

Published: 01/01/2010

Publication Type: Journal article

Publisher: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health