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Chlorine inactivation of human norovirus, murine norovirus and poliovirus in drinking water

The aim of this study was to evaluate the reduction of human norovirus (HuNoV) by chlorine disinfection under typical drinking water treatment conditions. HuNoV, murine norovirus (MNV) and poliovirus type 1 (PV1) were inoculated into treated water before chlorination, collected from a drinking water treatment plant, and bench-scale free chlorine disinfection experiments were performed for two initial free chlorine concentrations, 0.1 and 0.5 mg l(-1). MNV was inactivated faster than PV1, and there was no significant difference in the viral RNA reduction rate between HuNoV and MNV. The results suggest that appropriate water treatment process with chlorination can manage the risk of HuNoV infection via drinking water supply systems. The data obtained in this study would be useful for assessing or managing the risk of HuNoV infections from drinking water exposure. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2010 May 14. [Epub ahead of print]

Author: Kitajima M, Tohya Y, Matsubara K, et al

Published: 14/05/2010

Publication Type: Journal article

Publisher: Letters in applied microbiology