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Adsorption of active ingredients of surface disinfectants depends on the type of fabric used for surface treatment

The disinfection of surfaces in the immediate surroundings of a hospitalised patient is considered to be an important element for prevention of nosocomial infection. The type of fabric in a mop, however, has to the researchers knowledge never been regarded as relevant for an effective disinfection of surfaces. They studied the adsorption of benzalkonium chloride (BAC), glutardialdehyde and propan-1-ol from working solutions of three surface disinfectants to four different types of fabric (A: white pulp and polyester; B: viscose rayon; C: polyester; D: mixture of viscose, cellulose and polyester). The working solutions of each disinfectant were exposed to each fabric for up to 24 h. Before and after exposure, tissues were removed and squeezed in a standardised way. The eluate was used for determination of the concentration of the active ingredient in quadruplicate. The analysis of glutardialdehyde and BAC was performed using high performance liquid chromatography; the analysis of propan-1-ol was done using gas chromatography. Only with the polyester fibre tissue were BAC concentrations found in the range of the calculated BAC concentrations. Glutardialdehyde and propan-1-ol did not adsorb to any of the fibres. Effective surface disinfection also includes selection of an appropriate fabric. J Hosp Infect. 2010;75(1):56-61. Epub 2010 Mar 17.

Author: Bloss R, Meyer S, Kampf G

Published: 01/01/2010

Publication Type: Journal article

Publisher: Journal of Hospital Infection