Increasingly healthcare is being delivered at home and in the community. This arises from e.g.
Much of this healthcare is delivered by family members who thus require a good understanding of hygiene.
This includes protection from intestinal and respiratory infections (i.e food hygiene and respiratory hygiene), as well as protection from infections associated with their particular condition.
Tackling antibiotic resistance is a global priority which involves home and community, as well as hospitals. Hygiene is now seen as a central strategy to reducing antibiotic resistance.
Firstly, by reducing the burden of infectious diseases, hygiene can reduce the need for antibiotic prescribing, which is the major underlying contributor to antibiotic resistance.
Secondly, infection control measures are important to reduce spread of antibiotic resistant infections in the community.
Thirdly, as persistent nasal, gut or skin carriage of resistant strains increase in the healthy population, the risk of resistant infections in both hospital and community increases.