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Biographies of members of the IFH Scientific Advisory Board

Professor Sally F Bloomfield

Sally BloomfieldConsultant in Hygiene and Infectious Disease Prevention, Chairman and member of the Scientific Advisory Board of IFH Honorary Professor, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Professor Sally Bloomfield is an acknowledged expert on home hygiene, with more than 30 years' experience in hygiene research and education. In 1995, Professor Bloomfield was awarded the Rudolf Schulke Hygiene Prize for her outstanding contribution in the field of hygiene and preventive medicine.

Professor Bloomfield was educated at the University of Nottingham, where she obtained an honours degree in pharmacy in 1966. Following university, Professor Bloomfield first worked in industry as a research scientist before returning to Nottingham University to carry out post-graduate and post-doctoral research and received her Ph.D. in 1970. In 1972 she moved to King's College London as a Lecturer in Pharmaceutical Microbiology and was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 1995. Her academic research was been mainly concerned with the study of the mode of action of antimicrobial agents used in the community and in medicine. Her other research interest was the role of hygiene, including the role of cleaning and disinfection, in preventing the spread of infectious disease in the hospital, food processing, domestic and other environments.

Professor Bloomfield was a member of the British Standards Institute committee IH/57 (Antiseptics and Disinfectants) and principal UK expert of the Comité Européen de Normalisation (CEN TC 216 - Antiseptics and Disinfectants) which was established to produce harmonised European test methods for antiseptics and disinfectants in the fields of medicine, agriculture and veterinary practice, food and institutional hygiene.

From 1997 to 2003 Professor Bloomfield joined Unilever Research, Port Sunlight, UK as International Hygiene Research and Liaison Manager. Her role In Unilever was concerned with raising awareness of the importance of hygiene in the domestic setting and developing and promoting an approach to home hygiene based on scientific principles.

Professor Bloomfield left Unilever Research in March 2003 to take up a role as Chairman, as well as Scientific Advisory Board Member of IFH, and to continue her work in the area of hygiene and infectious disease prevention. She is also now a Honorary Professor of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Professor Bloomfield has published widely, with over 80 publications in peer-reviewed journals. Her edited works include: Collins, C.H., Bloomfield, S.F. and Allwood, M.C. 1981. Disinfectants: their use and evaluation of effectiveness. Society of Applied Bacteriology. Technical Series No. 16. London: Academic Press; Bloomfield, S.F., Baird, R.M., Leak, R.E. and Leach, R. 1988. Microbial Quality Assurance in Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics and Toiletries. Chichester: Ellis Horwood; Baird, R.M and Bloomfield, S.F. 1996. Microbial Quality Assurance in Cosmetics Toiletries and Non-Sterile Pharmaceuticals. 2nd Edition. Basingstoke: Taylor and Francis.

Professor Dr Martin Exner

Managing director of the Center for Hygiene and Microbiology,Director, Hygiene-Institue of Hygiene and Public Healtht,WHO-Collaborating –Center for Health Promoting Water Managment and Risk Communication, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms- University of Bonn, Germany.

Professor Dr Martin Exner is a leading European expert in environmental and public health hygiene and has a wide-ranging involvement in hygiene policy in Germany.

Graduating in medicine from the University of Bonn in 1977, Professor Exner first became involved in public hygiene as scientific assistant at the Hygiene-Institute of the University in Bonn.

In 1986, Professor Exner became Department Head of Transmissible Diseases and Environmental Hygiene of Cologne Health Department and during the period of 1988 to 1994, he was Managing Director of the Hygiene-Institut des Ruhrgebeites in Gelsenkirchen. In 1994 Professor Exner became Professor for Hygiene at the medical faculty of the University of Bonn and since that time has also been Director of the Institute of Hygiene and Public Health of Bonn.

In addition to university assignments in research and lecturing, Professor Exner devotes much of his time to environmental hygiene issues, including water and hospital hygiene. Other areas of expertise include food hygiene, general epidemic hygiene, home hygiene and social hygiene. Professor Exner is also very interested in community health matters such as hygiene in schools and kindergartens which directly relate to the health of the family, as well the spread of infections resulting from new, emerging pathogens.

As well as his positions in the university in Bonn as dean for study and teaching in the medical faculty, Professor Exner has widespread involvement and responsibilities associated with other hygiene organisations, particularly in Germany. These include:

  • Chairman of the German Drinking WaterHygiene Committee of theGerman Environmental Protection Agenc, Berlin;
  • Chairman of the Disinfection Committee of the German Association for Hygiene and Microbiology;
  • President of the German Society of Hygiene, Environmental Medicine and Public Health;
  • Vice Chairman of the Professional Association of Medical Practitioners for Hygiene and Environmental Medicine;
  • Member of the German Hospital Hygiene Committee of the Robert-Koch-Institute, Berlin;
  • Member of Indoor Pollution Commissions of the German Environmental Protection Agency;
  • Vice Chairman of the Environmental Hygiene Division of the German Association for Hygiene and Microbiology.

Professor Exner has published widely on the subject of public health and hygiene and is also currently Advisory Board member of the journals Hygiene und Medizin, Das Gesundheitswesen, International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Journal of Water and Health.

Professor Kumar Jyoti Nath

Former Director, All India Institute of Hygiene Public Health, Calcutta, India (1993-2001), and President, Institution of Public Health Engineers, India (1994-2008). Presently he is the Chairman; State Environmental Appraisal Committee and Arsenic Task Force, Govt. of West Bengal. He is also the Chairman, Sulabh International Social Service Organization and Vice Chancellor, Sulabh International Academy of Environmental Sanitation.

Professor Nath is an authority in Environmental sanitation, Hygiene & Community Water Supply and deeply committed to the promotion of community hygiene and public health. He was educated at the University of Calcutta where he qualified with a first class degree in Civil Engineering, obtaining his Master's degree in Public Health Engineering in 1969 and a Diploma in Sanitary Engineering (Delft, The Netherlands) in 1975. He is fellow of the learned societies, - International Water Academy, Oslo, Norway, Institute of Engineers, Institution of Public Health Engineers, Indian Public Health Association, Indian Water Works Association, Institute of Waste Management, UK and International Association of Water Research, UK, etc. He is an honorary fellow of the National Environmental Science Academy.

For over four decades, Prof. K.J.Nath has played a variety of roles ranging from project engineer, researcher, academician, teacher, consultant, planner and in the process has own nationwide and international acclaim and recognition. As Professor of Environmental Sanitation and Director of the All India Institute of Hygiene & Pubic Health (AIIH&PH), Govt. of India (GOI), he did seminal works on Public Health & Hygiene, rural and urban water supply and sanitation, urban waste management, air and water pollution, water quality surveillance, environmental epidemiology and impact assessment. His expertise has been requisitioned by several National & International Organizations including the Planning Commission, CSIR, ICMR, Ministries of Environment, Health, Urban Development, and Rural Development, of the Govt. of India as well as State Govts., Research & Academic Institutes. At the International level, he has served on a number of occasions as a consultant/temporary Advisor and Member/Chairman of expert panels of the World Bank, WHO, UNICEF, UNEP, UNDP, WSSCC, UN-Habitat, US Trade development Agency etc. He served as a member of Steering Committee/Working Groups of the Planning Commission, Govt. of India from the 6th 5-Year Plan to 10th 5-Year Plan (1980-2005). He was a member of the Planning Commission High Power Committees on Solid Waste Management and Public Health (1997-98), Steering Committee of the Ganga Action Plan, National Task Force on Environmental Health, Chairman of the National Coordination Council on Water Quality, Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission and Chairman, Project Review Committee, Indo-American Commission on Environmental Health, Indian Council of Medical Research. He had the distinct privilege of addressing the 29th Session of the UN Council on Social, Cultural & Economic Rights, Geneva, Nov. 2002 which declared access to water as a Basic Human Right.

He has published more than150 research and review papers, books, monograms etc. He has received several awards including Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Sulabh Sanitation Award (1998), Environmental Scientist of the Country award by National Environmental Science Academy (1999). Best R&D paper award by Central Board of Irrigation & Power (1993) and Golden Jubilee award of the Indian Public Health Association (2007) for life time achievement and the Most Distinguished Public Health Engineer Award of the Institution of Engineers (India) (2008).

Dr Elizabeth Scott

Elizabeth ScottAssistant Professor in the Department of Biology, Director Of Undergraduate Program in Public Health, Co-director Simmons Center for Hygiene and Health in Home and Community, Simmons College, Boston MA USA.

Dr Elizabeth Scott is an authority on consumer food hygiene and general hygiene issues, and is one of only a few people who have a working knowledge of the subject in both North America and Europe. Her current interests include developing a common approach to hygiene concerns in community settings based upon an understanding of the risk of infection acquisition & transmission in home & related community settings.

Dr Scott has both a Master's degree and Ph.D. in microbiology and has spent twenty years researching, teaching and advising in the field of food and environmental hygiene in the commercial and consumer sectors. Her research project for the Master's degree was a three-year study of the bacterial content of the domestic environment and examined the effectiveness of disinfectants in the home. This work remains the largest published study on the bacteriology of the home (Scott 1981). Research for her Ph.D. at London University looked at the survival and transfer of potential pathogens on inanimate surfaces and provided further insight of the chain of events which can result in errors of hygiene and cause outbreaks of foodborne disease (Scott 1990).

Dr Scott has published widely on aspects of hygiene in the home and the prevention of foodborne illness and is a regular contributor at national and international conferences and seminars. She is one of the first people to bring the subject to the attention of the American scientific community when she convened a seminar at the 1996 American Society of Microbiologists General Meeting in New Orleans on the subject of Foodborne Diseases in the Home She has recently contributed papers at the WHO Europe Symposium on Housing and Health in Italy ( 2002), the UWO Stanier Symposium in Canada ( 2002) & the Japan Society for Antibacterial & Antifungal Agents ( Osaka, 2001).For many years Dr Scott was involved in informing the British public about food hygiene issues via public speaking engagements, television, radio and press articles. In 1993 she moved to the United States and now has professional interests on both sides of the Atlantic.

Dr Scott is active as a consultant in food and environmental hygiene in both home and community settings and her expertise enables her to advise on hygiene issues, hygiene research and hygiene education. In addition, she is an Associate Professor in the Biology Department at Simmons College in Boston.

In June 1998, her first book was published, co-authored with Dr Paul Sockett of the Bureau of Communicable Disease Epidemiology, Canada. Entitled How to Prevent Food Poisoning: A Practical Guide to Safe Cooking, Food handling and Eating. This consumer guide combines practical advice with scientific information to give people a real understanding of the subject and issues.

Professor Carlo Signorelli

Carlo SignorelliProfessor of Hygiene & Public Health, University of Parma, Director, Post- Graduate School of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, University of Parma, Vice-President of the Italian Society of Hygiene (SitI), Consultant of the Italian Senate (Commission Hygiene & Health), Mayor of the town of Perledo (LC), Lake Como, Italy

Professor Carlo Signorelli, born in 1962, is an leading Italian expert in hygiene, public health, epidemiology and immunization policies. He holds degrees in Medicine and Surgery, Law and Political Sciences and he is particularly involved in the fields of public health, epidemiology, environmental health and health organisation. He holds MSc and PhD in Epidemiology, both form the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (University of London).

He was Research fellow at the University “La Sapienza” of Rome (1992-1998), Associate professor of Environmental Hygiene at the Faculty of Architecture, Politechnic University of Milan (1998-2000) and Full professor of Hygiene at the School of Medicine of University of Parma since 2000.

He has written sixteen textbooks for university students and specialists, including a textbook of Epidemiological methods (now at the 7th edition) adopted as an official textbook in many Italian schools of medicine.

He has authored more than 500 scientific papers published in Italian and international scientific journals, and articles published in the popular press on hygiene, public health, health legislation. He was also director of View and Review Hospital, a bi-monthly scientific journal published in Milan, covering topics of hospital hygiene and epidemiology and hospital infection control. He co-operated with various journals and TV programmes.

From 2002 to 2006 he was Secretary General and since Jan 1st 2009 he is Vice-Presdient of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine & Public Health (SitI), a scientific society (affiliated to European Public Health Association, EUPHA) which aggregates over 2000 members including all the Italian university teachers of hygiene, epidemiology and public health and many public health officers working among National Health Service and private hospitals. Since Jan 1st 2009 he is also President of the Emilia-Romagna Section of the SitI.

Research projects have included work on home hygiene, immunization policies, hospital infections, STD & HIV and the health effects of air pollution. He is member of various technical commissions.

Since 2006 he is Mayor of the town of Perledo (Lake Como) and since 2002 is consultant of the Italian Senate (Commission Hygiene and health)

Carolien van der Voorden

Programme Officer, Networking and Knowledge Management, Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council.

Carolien van der Voorden has been a Programme Officer with WSSCC since January 2003, and is the focal point for the Council's national and regional level activities, networking and knowledge management. Before joining the Council she held positions at The Mvula Trust, a South African water and sanitation NGO, and at IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre in the Netherlands. Carolien is a Dutch national, and has a Master's Degree in Development Studies.

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